19 October 2017

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Are You Drained Out? Check Out these Quick Facts

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Recent research claims that over 40% of employees today are suffering from work stress. Due to increasing challenges of the business environment, people find it difficult to sustain a healthy lifestyle. In the past a job in a large company ensured lifetime security. But now the scenario is totally changed. To add on to the problem, recession blues and companies downsizing their workforce have increased the tension to much higher levels. This article focuses on the causes of stress and techniques to overcome it.

What is Stress?

Stress is often defined as a dynamic condition in which an individual is confronted with an opportunity, constraint, or demand related to what he or she desires and for which the outcome is perceived to be both uncertain and important.

Although stress is regarded as negative, so is not the case in reality, as stress also offers an opportunity of a potential empowerment. However, stress is harmful in heavier doze. It might lead to a state of depression, anxiety, boredom etc.

Stress is generated due to the constraints i.e. the forces that prevent individuals from doing what they desire, and also when they fail to meet the expectations of themselves and others.

What are the Actual Causes of Stress?

Individual Constituents: - Research shows that certain individuals have the inherent tendencies to accentuate stress. Stress for such individuals is an addictive phenomenon. Employees often suffer stress due to individual differences with their peers, subordinates or superiors. As humans treat their personal relationships quite dearly, any family problem such as a broken relationship, problem at home etc cause stress to an individual. Financial crunches also act as major causes of stress for many.

Environmental Influences: - The three primary ingredients of business environment that tend to generate stress among employees are economic uncertainty, political uncertainty and technological uncertainty.  Today’s economic conditions are more turbulent because of the recession which had heightened the fear of job insecurity more than ever. Political conditions become a cause of stress due to the unstable systems. Technological uncertainties induce stress because technology keeps on changing, forcing an individual to update his technical knowledge quite often.

Organisational Fixings: - Displeasing interpersonal relations with the other members of organisation cause stress to many people. Task workloads and limited time exhaust workers. Organisational structure and leadership aspects also cause stress among employees. One can never ignore the commonest of all the causes- a demanding and insensitive boss.

Consequences of Work Stress

Behavioural Outcomes: - Increased absenteeism and lower productivity are the possible outcomes if stress is prevailing among employees. Other changes as alcoholism, smoking, sleeping disorders etc are all the outcome of stress. However it is seen that people perform more under a certain level of stress rather than no stress at all. But it gets worsened when the level exceeds.

Psychological Outcomes: - Higher rate of job dissatisfaction, depression and anxiety are the negative consequences of stress. These include headaches, high blood pressure and heart diseases. The relation between physiological outcomes and stress is ambiguous and relatively complex.

MANAGING STRESS

Organisational Approaches:- Organisation can work towards effectively distressing its employees by redesigning a few of its activities as selection and placement; goal setting as according to the employees potential; redesigning jobs by providing flexible and employee friendly options; increasing employee’s participation in decision making concerning his project and tasks and increasing both formal and informal channels of organisational communication. Starting with organization supported wellness programs that focus on the improvement of employee’s total physical and mental condition. Workshops to help people quit smoking, control alcohol, eat better and develop a regular exercise regime may also be organised.
 
Individual Approaches: - Personal determination, strategies and commitment always give positive results in reducing stress. One may expand his or her social network, apply relaxation techniques, and adopt effective time management techniques. Also employees who started doing physical exercises gave a certain feedback in reducing their stress levels. Experts say that meditation and bio feedback are also great relievers of mental stress.

Last Updated ( Monday, 12 July 2010 13:12 )  

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